Camera Workers, 1858-1950

The British Columbia, Alaska and Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950

Maynard, Hannah Hatherly

Maynard, Hannah Hatherly[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61]

Female 1834 - 1918  (84 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Maynard, Hannah Hatherly 
    • VARIANT NAMES: Maynard, Mrs. R.; Maynard, Mrs. Richard; Hatherly, Hannah (bridal name); Hatherleigh, Hannah (baptismal name); Hannah Hatherley (spelling on gravestone).
    Born 17 Jan 1834  Bude, Cornwall, Eng., UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 2 Feb 1834  Stratton, Cornwall, Eng., UK Find all individuals with events at this location  [62
    Gender Female 
    Business Address/Year 1892-1906?  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    renumbered to 715 or 717 Pandora Avenue ca. 1907 
    Address:
    41 1/2 Pandora Avenue
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    • Sometimes numbered 41 Pandora Avenue.
    Marriage 24 Mar 1852  Bude, Cornwall, Eng., UK Find all individuals with events at this location  [63, 64
    Groom: Maynard, Richard 
    • While sources indicate they were married in Bude Haven, it is the same location as Bude.
    Business Address/Year 1862?-1874  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    Johnson St.
    corner of Douglas St.
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Business Address/Year 1874-1892  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    Douglas St.
    corner of Johnson St.
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Business Address/Year 1901-1903  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    41 1/2 Pandora Avenue
    Maynard Building
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Business Address/Year 1904-1905  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    45 1/2 Yates Street
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Business Address/Year 1908  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    715 Pandora Avenue
    Maynard Building
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Business Address/Year 1909-1912  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    717 Pandora Avenue
    Maynard Building
    Victoria, BC
    Canada 
    Died 15 May 1918  Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location  [65
    Buried 18 May 1918  Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC Find all individuals with events at this location  [66, 67
    Association Maynard, Richard (Relationship: Spouse) 
    Association Maynard Albert Hatherly (Relationship: Mother) 
    Association Rappertie, Arthur Stewart (Relationship: Employer) 
    Association Hendricks, Nicholas Herman (Relationship: Employer) 
    Association Macdonald, Emma (Relationship: Mother) 
    Association Macdonald, Emma (Relationship: Employee?) 
    Association Dally, Frederick (Relationship: Undefined) 
    Association Macdonald, Maynard Forbes (Relationship: Grandson) 
    Person ID I434  Camera Workers | M, vol. 1, 1858-1900
    Last Modified 4 Jun 2022 

  • Photos
    Mrs. R. Maynard, Artist, stamp on bottom of mounted photograph taken by Richard Maynard at Wrangel, Alaska, 1879 06 14
    Mrs. R. Maynard, Artist, stamp on bottom of mounted photograph taken by Richard Maynard at Wrangel, Alaska, 1879 06 14
    Photographer Richard Maynard with his field camera.
    Photographer Richard Maynard with his field camera.
    Photographed in his wife's (Hannah Hatherly Maynard) studio. Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. F-06336.
    Hannah and Richard Maynard's adjoining businesses, Douglas and Johnson streets, Victoria.
    Hannah and Richard Maynard's adjoining businesses, Douglas and Johnson streets, Victoria.
    Richard relocated his boot and shoe business from Fort Street to this location around May 1874. Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. A-00853 (HP001820).
    Hannah (Mrs. R.) Maynard's first studio, Johnson St. (left side), Victoria.
    Hannah (Mrs. R.) Maynard's first studio, Johnson St. (left side), Victoria.
    Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. C-09031.
    Hannah and Richard Maynard's camera float on Pandora Avenue for a Victoria parade.
    Hannah and Richard Maynard's camera float on Pandora Avenue for a Victoria parade.
    Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. F-05137.
    Maynard Building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria.
    Maynard Building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria.
    A stereo photograph, this building housed Richard's boot and shoe business and Hannah's portrait studio. Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. G-04812.
    Maynard building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria, interior.
    Maynard building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria, interior.
    Richard Maynard on the left. The stereographoscope, used for viewing stereographs and mounted single photographs, seen on the left in BC Archives, Visual Records call no. C-08996, is visible in this photo. Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. C-08870.
    Maynard building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria, interior.
    Maynard building, Pandora Avenue, Victoria, interior.
    The stereographoscope, used for viewing stereographs and mounted single photographs, seen on the left in BC Archives, Visual Records call no. C-08870, is visible in this photo. Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records call no. C-08996.
    Hannah Maynard portrait, ca. 1890s.
    Hannah Maynard portrait, ca. 1890s.

    Documents
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph, ca. 1893.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph, ca. 1893.
    Image courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records catalogue no. HP000235.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from verso of a mounted photograph, 20 Aug 1879.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from verso of a mounted photograph, 20 Aug 1879.
    The photograph depicts the SS Princess Louise side-paddle steamer docked at Comox during Richard and Hannah's working vacation around Vancouver Island. Courtesy of BC Archives, Visual Records catalogue no. HP000404 (item A-00190).
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph.
    From a private collection.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche from the verso of a mounted photograph.
    From a private collection.
    Mrs. R. Maynard's ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 23 Oct 1874, p. 2.
    Mrs. R. Maynard's ad, Victoria Colonist, 23 Oct 1874, p. 2.
    This ad was still being published in the Colonist in Apr 1875.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 25 Mar 1868, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria Colonist, 25 Mar 1868, p. 3.
    She marketed photographs of the 1868 Fanny shipwreck taken on 24 Mar 1868. Although the newspaper claimed they were taken by her, they were likely taken by her husband Richard.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 25 Dec 1881, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria Colonist, 25 Dec 1881, p. 3.
    About her famous "Gems of British Columbia" photo composite annual series of portraits of children.
    Detail from fire insurance plan showing the Maynard Building, 715-717 Pandora Avenue, Victoria, 1911-1913.
    Detail from fire insurance plan showing the Maynard Building, 715-717 Pandora Avenue, Victoria, 1911-1913.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, <i>A History [of] British Columbia</i> (1906), p. 399.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, A History [of] British Columbia (1906), p. 399.
    Page one of three.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, <i>A History [of] British Columbia</i> (1906), p. 400.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, A History [of] British Columbia (1906), p. 400.
    Page two of three.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 3.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria Colonist, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 3.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 2.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria Colonist, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 2.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, <i>A History [of] British Columbia</i> (1906), p. 401.
    R.E. Gosnell's biography of Richard Maynard and family, A History [of] British Columbia (1906), p. 401.
    Page three of three.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 1.
    Hannah Maynard's obituary, Victoria Colonist, 17 May 1918, p. 7, part 1.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 11 Oct 1872, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria Colonist, 11 Oct 1872, p. 3.
    An article about the first provincial agricultural exhibition mentioned her stereoscopic views which may in fact have been taken by her husband Richard.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 19 Jun 1878, p. 3.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard news item, Victoria Colonist, 19 Jun 1878, p. 3.
    About their photographic visit to the mainland which took them likely as far as Lytton at the junction of the Fraser and Thompson rivers.
    R. Maynard news item, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 5 Apr 1896, p. 8.
    R. Maynard news item, Victoria Colonist, 5 Apr 1896, p. 8.
    This item references the photo studio but credits Richard, rather than Hannah, with its ownership.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche, verso of carte-de-visite.
    Mrs. R. Maynard cartouche, verso of carte-de-visite.
    J.B. Kerr's biography of Richard Maynard, p. 229.
    J.B. Kerr's biography of Richard Maynard, p. 229.
    J.B. Kerr's biography of Richard Maynard, p. 230.
    J.B. Kerr's biography of Richard Maynard, p. 230.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, <i>San Francisco Journal of Commerce</i>, BC Edition, 4 Dec 1884, p. 4.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, San Francisco Journal of Commerce, BC Edition, 4 Dec 1884, p. 4.
    Mrs. R. Maynard entry, <i>The New West</i> (1888), p. 199.
    Mrs. R. Maynard entry, The New West (1888), p. 199.
    Richard Maynard's field photography is mentioned at the end of this entry.
    Mrs. R. Maynard entry, <i>The New West</i> (1888), p. 200.
    Mrs. R. Maynard entry, The New West (1888), p. 200.
    Richard Maynard's field photography is mentioned at the end of this entry.
    Mrs. R. and Richard's ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 9 Jan 1892, p. 2.
    Mrs. R. and Richard's ad, Victoria Colonist, 9 Jan 1892, p. 2.
    Maynard Building[?] construction cost, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 1 Jan 1892, p. 8.
    Maynard Building[?] construction cost, Victoria Colonist, 1 Jan 1892, p. 8.
    The $9,000.00 may be an assessed amount and the J. Maynard may refer to James Maynard, relationship unknown.
    Richard Maynard and Mrs. R. removal auction, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 23 Mar 1892, p. 1.
    Richard Maynard and Mrs. R. removal auction, Victoria Colonist, 23 Mar 1892, p. 1.
    To save the expense of moving stock one block, the Maynards held an auction.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 26 Mar 1892, p. 8.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria Colonist, 26 Mar 1892, p. 8.
    In this news ad, she lets her customers know of her new address effective 28 Mar 1892.
    Mrs. R. and Richard Maynard's joint ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 1 Apr 1892, p. 2.
    Mrs. R. and Richard Maynard's joint ad, Victoria Colonist, 1 Apr 1892, p. 2.
    This is their first joint ad following their move from their former addresses on Douglas Street.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 20 Apr 1883, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 20 Apr 1883, p. 3.
    For the photograph see https://search-bcarchives.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/japanese-fishing-crew-rescured-in-china-sea-by-barque-tiger-these-men-are-believed-to-be-first-japanese-in-victoria
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 27 May 1883, p.3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 27 May 1883, p.3.
    This same issue published two pieces about photos taken by O.C. Hastings of Spencer and Hastings of the same subject matter on Thursday, 24 May. The photographs were almost certainly taken by her husband, Richard Maynard. For a possible match to the baseball game, see https://search-bcarchives.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/baseball-game-in-beacon-hill-park-victoria-2
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 3 Jan 1885, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 3 Jan 1885, p. 3.
    About the Gems of British Columbia series and an additional photograph.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 29 Aug 1885, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 29 Aug 1885, p. 3.
    The Point Ellice Bridge collapsed under the weight of an overloaded streetcar 26 on May 1896. There were over four dozen deaths.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 4 Jun 1885, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 4 Jun 1885, p. 3.
    As the tintype, like the daguerreotype, was a one-off process, it is not clear whether this was a tongue-in-cheek or a serious reference to the end product of her portraiture.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 15 Oct 1885, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 15 Oct 1885, p. 3.
    The photograph was taken on 10 Oct 1885 when the Governor-General, the Marquess of Lansdowne, was aboard the ship. For the HMS Triumph photo, see https://search-bcarchives.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/hms-triumph-in-esquimalt (BC Archives item A-00318 / HP000720).
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard's ad, Chittenden, <i>Settlers, Miners and Tourists Guide from Ocean to Ocean by the CPR</i> (1885), p. 112.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard's ad, Chittenden, Settlers, Miners and Tourists Guide from Ocean to Ocean by the CPR (1885), p. 112.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, 1884.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, 1884.
    Published in Newton H. Chittenden's report of his exploration of Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands) in 1884, p. 65.
    Mrs. R. and Richard Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Province</i>, 2 Feb 1895, p. 82.
    Mrs. R. and Richard Maynard ad, Victoria Province, 2 Feb 1895, p. 82.
    A dual ad for their businesses at 41 Pandora Ave. which they had opened in March 1892 in their own building. Mrs. R. Maynard's studio was upstairs and it was entered through a separate outside entrance whose address was 41 1/2 Pandora Ave.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Standard</i>, 8 Dec 1885, p. 3.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria Standard, 8 Dec 1885, p. 3.
    These CPR views were more than likely chiefly taken by Richard Maynard since he had spent several years in the early 1880s documenting construction of the railway.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 1 Jan 1888, p. 1.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria Colonist, 1 Jan 1888, p. 1.
    Informing "ladies" who had portraits of their children taken in 1887 were eligible to receive one of the annual Gems of British Columbia collages.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 3 Jan 1889, p. 1.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria Colonist, 3 Jan 1889, p. 1.
    Refers to the annual Gems of British Columbia collage containing thousands of tiny images of children photographed by the Maynard studio. The ad is dated 31 Dec 1888 with a scheduled first publication date of 1 Jan 1889.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Times</i>, 21 Sep 1885, p. 4.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Times, 21 Sep 1885, p. 4.
    About the publication in the St. Louis Photographer of one of the annual Gems of British Columbia collages, this one containing tiny portraits of 1,800 children and babies.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria <i>Times</i>, 11 Feb 1888, p. 4.
    Mrs. R. Maynard ad, Victoria Times, 11 Feb 1888, p. 4.
    Essentially the same notice that first appeared in the Colonist in January 1888, eligible customers who had had a child photographed in 1887 could receive a free Gems of British Columbia collage.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, <i>St. Louis and Canadian Photographer</i>, Jan 1892, p. 73.
    Mrs. R. Maynard news, St. Louis and Canadian Photographer, Jan 1892, p. 73.
    Notes that the studio has been producing the Gems of British Columbia for 12 years or since 1880.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard ads, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 31 Jan 1871, p. 3.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard ads, Victoria Colonist, 31 Jan 1871, p. 3.
    At this time they operated in two separate locations, Richard in the Occidental Building or Block on Fort Street, and Hannah on Johnson St. near Douglas St.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria <i>Colonist</i>, 30 Mar 1892, p. 8.
    Richard and Mrs. R. Maynard news, Victoria Colonist, 30 Mar 1892, p. 8.
    Their former location at Douglas and Johnson streets was taken over by George Vienna as a fish and fruit store.

    Headstones
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone closeup, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone closeup, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone base, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone base, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.
    Hannah Maynard's gravestone, Ross Bay Cemetery, Victoria, BC.

  • Notes 
    • STATUS: Commercial.
    • BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: Married in 1852 to Richard Maynard, she emigrated to the Colony of Vancouver Island with her family in 1862. Although no direct evidence has been located, it is believed she opened Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Gallery the same year. She was the first professional photographer of her gender in Victoria, let alone the province, for many years. Primarily a portrait photographer, she boasted upon her retirement in 1912 of having photographed just about everyone who passed through Victoria. She and Richard made a few trips together; dates and destinations of some of these trips together are 1875 (San Francisco), 1878 (Lower Mainland to Fraser Canyon), 1879 (Vancouver Island pleasure cruise), 1887 and/or 1889 (Banff), 1888 (Haida Gwaii [Queen Charlotte Islands]). Both practiced landscape photography it is not always clear, though their work was marketed under separate imprints, exactly who took which photographs. Hannah also experimented with novelty techniques such as photosculpture (persons made to resemble statues), multiple exposure tricks, and composite imagery. Her probate, executed by her son Albert, says she disposed of her equipment about 1910 to a Chinese photographer named Peter on Government St. She was last listed as a photographer in the 1912 business directory. Albert donated her studio register to the BC Archives in 1933 (item MS-3325), and also disposed of all negatives to the BC Archives by donation or sale at various dates. About the only other personal or business record by Hannah preserved by the BC Archives is an account of the 1879 trip around Vancouver Island.
      The 45 1/2 Yates Street address listing in the early 1900s business directories alphabetic name section is a case of mistaken identity in that the street directory indicates the Mrs. R. Maynard at that address was the widow of Ruben Maynard.

      Victoria playwright Janet Munsil's play Be Still about Hannah Maynard premiered at Richmond's Gateway Theatre on 1 Mar 2001 and opened at Victoria's Belfry Theatre on 14 Mar 2001. For an assessment of Hannah Maynard's role in the development of the arts within Victoria by women, see the exhibit catalogue edited by Karen A. Finlay, "A Woman's Place" (University of Victoria, Maltwood Art Museum and Gallery (2004).

      Elizabeth Lazebnik's short film The Multiple Selves of Hannah Maynard (2004) is a creative interpretation of her photography, especially the period following the death of youngest daughter, Laura Lillian Maynard, in 1883. The deaths of another daughter, Emma Jane MacDonald (nee Maynard) in 1893, and a daughter-in-law, Adelaide Maynard, in 1892, also contributed to Hannah's spiritualist church connection.

      Elizabeth Lazebnik's longer film Be Still (2021) is based on Janet Munsil's play of the same name. While the film begins with an intertitle claiming Hannah was the first surrealist photographer, nothing could be further from the truth. The film does an excellent job of conveying her studio and household milieu, all with no mention of the extraordinary role and decades of work by her assistant Arthur S. Rappertie. The film telescopes Hannah and Rappertie's work into what appear to be a few years, if not months, in 1885, whereas the trick photographs and photomontages ("Gems of British Columbia") occurred over the course of more than a decade.
    • IDENTIFYING MARKS: "Mrs. R. Maynard Photographic Artiste Johnson Street, Near Douglas, Victoria, V.I. B.C." on verso of carte-de-visite (2 styles). "Mrs. R. Maynard, Photographic Artiste, Douglass [sic] St., Victoria, V.I., B.C." on verso of carte-de-visite (2 styles). "From Mrs. R. Maynard's Photographic Studio, cor. Douglas & Johnson Sts., Victoria, B.C." on verso of print mount (various styles). "Mrs. R. Maynard, Photographer, 41 Pandora Avenue, Near Douglas Street Victoria, B.C." on verso of print mount. The bottom front of the print mount may also be marked "Mrs. R. Maynard, Victoria, B.C." or "Mrs. R. Maynard, Artiste."

  • Sources 
    1. [S46] COLLECTION: BVIPA.
      Glass negatives, prints, albums, negative register

    2. [S156] COLLECTION: ORHSOC.
      Album (chiefly contains views by Richard)

    3. [S666] BVIPA archival records.
      Probate file GR-1304, file 105/18

    4. [S666] BVIPA archival records.
      MS-1077, Newcombe Collection

    5. [S12] MAL68, (Victoria, V.I.: E. Mallandine, 1868), 38.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs., photographer, Johnson street"
      First listing in a business directory.

    6. [S13] MAL69, (Victoria, V.I.: E. Mallandine, 1869), 37.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs., photographer, Johnson street"

    7. [S14] MAL71, (Victoria, V.I.: E. Mallandine, 1871), 25.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs., photographer, Johnson street"

    8. [S15] MAL74, (Victoria, B.C.: E. Mallandine, 1874), 24.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs., photographer, Johnson St."

    9. [S16] HIB77, (Victoria, B.C.: T.N. Hibben and Co., 1877), 310.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs., photographer, Douglas street"

    10. [S1155] PACC80, (San Francisco, Cal.: L.M. McKenney & Co., 1880).
      Not listed

    11. [S17] WIL82, (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Williams, 1882), 56.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs R, photographic artist, gallery N E cor Douglas and Johnson sts"

    12. [S1156] DIST82, (San Francisco, Cal.: W.C. Disturnell, 1882), 596.
      Victoria: "Maynard R Mrs, photographer, cor Douglas and Johnson"

    13. [S1157] PACC83, (San Francisco, Cal.: L.M. McKenney & Co., 1882), 1198.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs R, photographer"

    14. [S19] WIL85, Woltz, William, comp., (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Williams, 1885), 55.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., photographic artist, gallery N. E. cor. Douglas and Johnson"

    15. [S20] MAL87, Mallandine, Edward, (Victoria, B.C.: E. Mallandine, R.T. Williams, 1887), 60.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., photographic artist, cor. Douglas st. & Johnson st."

    16. [S21] HEN89, Henderson, James, comp., (Victoria, B.C.: Leonard George Henderson, 1889), 487.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., photographer and photo stock dealer, 99 Douglas, res same"

    17. [S22] WIL89, Draper, Thomas, comp., (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Williams, 1889), 128.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs, R photographic artist, 99 Douglas"

    18. [S23] HENVIC90, Henderson, L.G., comp., (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Directory Co., 1890), 205.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., photographer and photo stock dealer, 99 Douglas, res same"

    19. [S26] WILVICNAN90, Draper, Thomas, comp., (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Williams, 1890), 194.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R, photographer, 99 Douglas"

    20. [S24] HEN90, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Directory Co., 1890), 551.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., photographer and photo stock dealer, 99 Douglas, res same"

    21. [S28] HEN91, (Vancouver, B.C.: Henderson Directory Co., 1891), 674.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs. R., Photographer and Photo Stock Dealer, 99 Douglas, res same"

    22. [S29] WIL91, Halliday, W.M., comp., (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Willilams, 1890), 246.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R, photographer, 99 Douglas"

    23. [S30] WIL92, (Victoria, B.C.: R.T. Williams, 1892), 436.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R H, photographer, 97 and 99 Douglas"

    24. [S32] WIL93, Williams' B.C. Directory Co., comp., (Victoria, B.C.: Printed by the Victoria Printing Company, 1893), 559.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R, photographer, 41 1-2 Pandora st"

    25. [S1158] MERC94, Marks, A., comp., (San Francisco, Cal.: Mercantile Guide Co., 1894), 612.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs R, photograp studio 41 1/2 Pandora"

    26. [S33] WIL94, Williams' B.C. Directory Co., comp., (Victoria, B.C.: Williams' B.C. Directory Co., 1894), 328.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R, photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora"

    27. [S34] WIL95, (Victoria, B.C.: Williams' B.C. Directory Co., 1895), 423.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs R, photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora"

    28. [S31] MER96, (Victoria, B.C.: T.R. Cusack, printer, 1896), unpaged.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs Richard 41 Pandora photographer"

    29. [S36] HEN97, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Publishing Co., 1897), 791.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer and photo stock, 41 1/2 Pandora"

    30. [S37] WIL97, (Victoria, B.C.: Williams' B.C. Directory Co., 1897), 462.
      Victoria: "Maynard Mrs R, photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora St"

    31. [S38] HEN98, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Publishing Co., 1898), 781.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer 41 1/2 Pandora"

    32. [S40] WIL99, Williams, R.T., comp., (Victoria, B.C.: Province Publishing Co., 1899), 422.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora ave."

    33. [S39] HEN99, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Publishing Co., 1899), 931.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer 41 1/2 Pandora"

    34. [S41] HEN00, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Publishing Co., 1900), 1117.
      Victoria: "Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer 41 1/2 Pandora"

    35. [S1028] ORMVIC01, (Victoria, B.C.: Ormond and MacGregor, 1901), 118.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora

    36. [S42] HEN01, (Victoria, B.C.: Henderson Publishing Co., 1901), 964.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer 41 1/2 Pandora

    37. [S781] HEN02, (Vancouver: Henderson Publishing, 1902), 62.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora

    38. [S782] HEN03, (Vancouver: Henderson Publishing, 1903), 1031.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 41 1/2 Pandora

    39. [S783] HEN04, (Vancouver: Henderson Publishing, 1904), 1099.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 45 1-2 Yates

    40. [S784] HENVIC05, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1905), 212.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 45 1-2 Yates

    41. [S785] HEN05, (Vancouver: Henderson Publishing, 1905), 598.
      Victoria: Maynard, Mrs. R., photographer, 45 1-2 Yates

    42. [S789] HENVIC08, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1908), 351.
      Victoria: Maynard Mrs Richard photo 715 Pandora

    43. [S792] PROVI09, (Victoria: Provincial Publishing, 1909), 487.
      Victoria: Maynard Mrs. R. photographer 717 Pandora lvs same

    44. [S732] HEN10, (Vancouver: Henderson Publishing, 1910).
      Victoria: not listed

    45. [S793] HENVIC10, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1911), 313.
      Victoria: Maynard Mrs Richard photogr 717 Pandora lvs same

    46. [S796] HENVIC12, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1912), 493.
      Victoria: Maynard Hannah wid Richard photogr 717 Pandora lvs same

    47. [S798] HENVIC13, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1913), 683.
      Victoria: Maynard Hannah wid R h 717 Pandora

    48. [S745] HENVIC14, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1914), 553.
      Victoria: Maynard Hannah wid Richd h 717 Pandora

    49. [S802] HENVIC15, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1915), 454.
      Victoria: Maynard Hannah wid Richd h 717 Pandora

    50. [S803] HENVIC17, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1917), 449.
      Victoria: Maynard Hannah wid Richd h 717 Pandora

    51. [S804] HENVIC18, (Victoria: Henderson Publishing, 1918).
      Victoria: not listed

    52. [S740] WRI18, (Vancouver, BC: Wrigley Directories, c1918).
      Victoria: not listed

    53. [S2] Mattison (1980 10), Mattison, David, (Vanguard 9, no. 8 (October 1980):14-19).

    54. [S497] Wilks (1980), Claire Weissman Wilks, (Toronto: Exile Editions, 1980).

    55. [S935] Times-Colonist, B6, 14 Jan 2001.
      Review of Janet Munsil's play Be Still

    56. [S602] Mattison (2003), David Mattison, (Times-Colonist, January 12, 2003, p. D11 (Monitor/Islander section)).

    57. [S500] Williams (2003), Carol J. Williams, (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2003).

    58. [S522] University of Victoria, Maltwood Art Museum and Gallery (2004), K.A. Finlay, ed., (Victoria, B.C.: Maltwood Art Museum and Gallery, 2004).

    59. [S364] Neering (2006), Rosemary Neering, (British Columbia Magazine 48, no. 4 (Winter [November] 2006):50-57).

    60. [S1162] Williams (2011), Carol Williams, (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2011), TR183 C85., 23-42.

    61. [S1161] Skidmore (2022), Colleen Skidmore, (Vancouver, B.C.: UBC Press, 2022).
      Chapter 4, "The Maynard Studio, 1862-1912"

    62. [S1148] Cornwall OPC Database (Web site), (Cornwall Online Parish Clerks (Genealogy)).
      URL (accessed 1 Oct 2021): https://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/search-database/more-info/?t=baptisms&id=779328

    63. [S1148] Cornwall OPC Database (Web site), (Cornwall Online Parish Clerks (Genealogy)).
      URL (accessed 1 Oct 2021): https://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/search-database/more-info/?t=marriages&id=375784

    64. [S1099] Points to the Past (Web site), (Burnaby, BC: BC Electronic Library Network), 5, 3 Apr 1852.
      Exeter and Plymouth Gazette

    65. [S652] BVIPA death registration index.
      Registration no. 1918-09-037846; digital facsimile URL (accessed 23 Jan 2017): http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/731b5620-844f-4ed8-88d6-d2fcd2a46e4c

    66. [S652] BVIPA death registration index.
      Registration no. 1918-09-037846; digital facsimile URL (accessed 23 Jan 2017): http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/731b5620-844f-4ed8-88d6-d2fcd2a46e4c


    67. [S628] (Victoria) Colonist, (Victoria: Colonist), 7, 17 May 1918.
      "Mrs. Richard Maynard Passes to Her Rest"
      Obit.