Camera Workers, 1858-1950

The British Columbia, Alaska and Yukon Photographic Directory, 1858-1950

Dawson, George Mercer[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

Male 1849 - 1901  (51 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Dawson, George Mercer 
    Born 1 Aug 1849  Pictou, NS Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1876  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1877  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Kamloops area 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1878-1879  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands) and Peace River Region 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1884-1885  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Rocky Mountains, Selkirks, northern Vancouver Island, BC coast and other areas 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1887  BC-YT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Via Stikine River 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1889  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Southern BC 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1890  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Kamloops area 
    Where Active (Non-Specific Address) 1894  BC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Home Address/Year ca. 1900  Ottawa, ON Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    28 Victoria Chambers
    Ottawa, ON
    Canada 
    Died 2 Mar 1901  Ottawa, ON Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Association Hastings, Oregon Columbus (Relationship: Undetermined) 
    Person ID I272  Camera Workers | D, vol. 1, 1858-1900
    Last Modified 31 Jan 2017 

  • Photos
    Anglican mission church overseen by Rev. A.J. Hall, Alert Bay, BC, August 1885.
    Anglican mission church overseen by Rev. A.J. Hall, Alert Bay, BC, August 1885.
    Although the front and back of this cabinet card photograph bear the ownership marks of Victoria commercial photographer O.C. Hastings, the identifying marks in the lower left corner (53 | GMD | 85) are those used by the Geological Survey of Canada geologist and amateur photographer Dr. George Mercer Dawson. This same photograph is described on the Library and Archives as "Mission Church" (copy negative PA-037933). The Royal BC Museum also holds a reference copy print of the Library and Archives Canada photo.

  • Notes 
    • STATUS: Institutional (visits).
    • BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY: A member of the British North American Boundary Survey, 1873-1874, which travelled only a short distance into the Rocky Mountains beyond Waterton Lakes, Alberta, he was appointed to the Geological Survey of Canada staff in 1875. His photographs and report on the Haida peoples of the Queen Charlotte Islands (1878; report published 1880) continue to be invaluable to ethnographers. Dawson became director of the Geological Survey in 1895, but his career was cut short by his sudden death.

      With William Ogilvie, a Dominion Land Surveyor, Dawson led the first official Canadian exploration of the Yukon Territory in 1887. Dawson's party entered the Yukon via BC from the Wrangell-Stikine River route. Dawson City, YT, surveyed in Jan 1897 by Ogilvie, was named in his honour by traders and sawmill operators Joseph Ladue and Arthur Harper. Also named after Dawson is the Dawson Range, YT.
    • IDENTIFYING MARKS: print surface may bear a number, e.g., "42" or numbers and letters, e.g., "53 GMD 85" with each set of characters on its own line in a vertical format.

  • Sources 
    1. [S152] COLLECTION: OOA.

    2. [S620] Morgan (1898), Henry James Morgan, ed., (Toronto: William Briggs, 1898).

    3. [S408] Hall (1967), E. Hall, comp., (Ottawa: Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, 1967).

    4. [S278] Encyclopedia Canadiana (1970), (Toronto: Grolier of Canada, 1970).

    5. [S203] Birrell (1975), Birrell, Andrew J., (Ottawa: Public Archives of Canada, 1975).

    6. [S260] Dawson (1993), Douglas Cole and Bradley Lockner, eds., (Vancouver: UBC Press, 1993).